Periodontal Diseases: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) is a rising concern in the US which affects about half the American population. The statistics are far more alarming if we only take adults into account. These diseases are found to be more prevalent among men. The severity of the disease varies in accordance with how early or late you detect it. It starts off as regular inflammation but if left unattended, can potentially lead to loss of teeth.

We’ve listed down all that you need to know about periodontal disease.


Since childhood, we are asked to brush and floss our teeth regularly to prevent any plaque buildups. Plaque forms when the bacteria in our feeds on sugars and produces are sticky film called plaque. If this plaque isn’t removed, it eventually hardens and forms an even stickier substance called tartar.

These substances then cause inflammation in the gums, making them swell or even bleed. This condition is called gingivitis.

If you’re still not paying attention to your oral health, there is a chance that gum disease may take a much severe form called periodontitis. In this stage, the inflammation reaches the tooth and often results in formation of certain pockets. The tooth loses its support and eventually falls out.


  1. Chronic tooth ache
  2. Foul smelling mouth
  3. Increased sensitivity to hot and cold
  4. Difficulty in biting and chewing
  5. Swelling in gums
  6. Bleeding gums
  7. Sore feeling in mouth
  8. Gums separate themselves from the teeth, exposing the roots of the teeth. This condition is called Gum recession.


The best way to keep periodontal disease at bay is to take proper care of your oral hygiene. This can be done by:

  • Flossing and brushing your teeth regularly
  • Avoid tobacco and smoking
  • Cut down your sugar intakesince sugar forms plaque
  • Visit a reliable dentistregularly to keep a look out for any symptoms or to get your teeth cleaned

If the condition of your gums is progressively worsening, your dentist will help you get rid of periodiontitis and its symptoms through surgery. The most common methods are scaling and root planing, flap surgery, or Arestin. Arestin is a powder like antibiotic which is placed directly into the periodontal pockets to shrink them. Arestin keeps on fighting bacteria even after a month of the treatment. Laser technology is also an option.

Visit a dentist today to have your gums inspected for any symptoms. At Meyerland Family Dentistry, our dentists don’t just help detect gum diseases but also provide long-term safe treatments. To book an appointment, feel free to contact us online or call at 713-723-7200. We’re based in Houston, Texas.